Human Trafficking Research
Human trafficking is a gross human rights violation that requires multifaceted and systemic interventions to combat. People of all ages are exploited into forced labour and commercial sex in each of the 34 provinces of Indonesia, which is a major source country and, to a lesser degree, a transit and destination country for human trafficking. Indonesian migrant workers can be vulnerable, and we observe many cases of human trafficking in domestic work, factories, construction, manufacturing, on palm oil plantations, and on fishing vessels.
The trafficking of children for sexual exploitation in Brazil is both devastating to their health and well-being, and a gross violation of their human rights. Fueled by a mix of power inequality, extreme economic insecurity, corruption, and regressive social norms, child sex trafficking has flourished in Brazil. This report presents the findings of a mixed methods study on trafficking of children for sexual purposes in Brazil.
Over the past two decades, tremendous progress has been made in raising awareness of human trafficking, enhancing relevant legal norms, and ensuring more robust care for survivors. Yet, the anti-trafficking movement continues to struggle to evaluate the quality of approaches, interventions, and policies. It is critical at this juncture to encourage not only more, but better data that can help practitioners to understand the issue more holistically, including its root causes and where limited resources should be directed to have the most impact.
These practical guidelines aim to be a resource to support that effort to combat human trafficking, motivated by the passionate belief that good data are essential to achieving our shared goal. There are many yet unanswered questions about the nature, scale, and scope of the problem, and until the anti-trafficking movement has higher-quality, localised data, implementing effective policies and programmes – and being able to evaluate their impact – will remain a significant challenge.
Concern over the issue of human trafficking in Southeast Asia has grown steadily over the past several years with recent events elevating this pernicious problem to crisis levels in the public conciousness. With the much-anticipated November 2015 unveiling of the ASEAN Convention on Trafficking in Persons and a regional action plan that is said to include provisions for a regional trafficking database and standardized data collection, the time for action is now.